Binoculars Carl Zeiss Jena Marineglas 6x (2)

Magnification: 6x
Aperture (objective diameter): 30 mm
Field of view: 8.4°
Exit pupil diameter: 5 mm
Visible field of view (eyepiece FOV): 50°
The closest focusing distance: 5 m
Width: 16.8 cm
Height: 11.5 cm
Weight: 660 g
Production date: 1914.

   In 1907, Carl Zeiss radically changed the framework and the design of his binoculars, replacing "civilian" models Feldstecher 6 Fach by Telex, Feldstecher 8 Fach by Telact, Jagdglas by Silvamar and Feldstecher 12 Fach by Telefort. The new devices’ detailed characteristics were published in the 74-th volume of Carl Zeiss catalog in August 1907. The optical characteristics were significantly improved in new devices (the field of view and the objective diameter were increased, optical aberrations were decreased), and the devices’ design was also changed: the central hinge and the “lugs” for a neck strap were not attached to binocular with the help of screws any more, they became integral with it instead, an eccentric objective alignment system appeared and its frame design was also changed, the prism covers spanned the binoculars’ carcass, and they were lubricated with a special compound at the joint points in order to improve impermeability. Moreover, the prisms inside the binoculars were no longer pressed by prism covers – they were fixed with the help of special flat springs instead. It helped increasing the device’s reliability greatly. Actually, the binoculars have survived in such appearance up to present days (see Hans T.Seeger. Zeiss-Feldstecher, Handfernglaser von 1894-1919, Modelle-Merkmale-Mythos, pp.399-414)
   The Marineglas is a military analogue of a "civilian" model Silvamar with similar characteristics. It is the first binocular model with 30mm lenses. The device turned out to be very successful, with high aperture ratio, plasticity and large field of view, that is why it became popular in the army. Although the name of this device is translated as the "sea glass", it was not widely used in the German Navy: only some batches entered the fleet. The Marineglas was produced from 1907/08 and up to 1917 with various modifications. Later the binocular name was changed to D.F.6x30.
   The Marineglas was produced in several design versions starting from 1907/08 and up to 1917:
   1st version: the one, where the lower prismatic cover and the lens frame cap are made as one component (starting from 1907/1908 and up to 1909) and having the eyepieces case with the “transverse” knurling
   2nd version: the one with long double-ring type lens frames, leather-covered and with a short case (starting from 1909/10 and up to 1911);
   3rd version: the one with short double-ring type lens frames (starting from 1911 and up to 1913/14);
   4th version: the one with rounded objective covers (starting from 1913/14 and up to 1917 in two versions: with the grooves to minimize stray light and without them)
   The binocular’s “military" application is proved by the large diameter of the central hinge clamp (lock) (see photo). The interpupillary distances scale is indicated on the upper hinge disk. In addition, there is a bracket for attaching the protective eyepiece cover (the "raincoat") on the upper part of the hinge. This type of attachment once again indicates the binocular’s military application and it is met quite rare (see photo).
   The considered binocular belongs to a rare fourth design version (see above), with rounded objective covers and grooves intended to minimize stray light. The eyepieces’ base diameter is equal to 24.5 mm; the eyepieces’ front lens diameter is equal to 12 mm (this value was equal to 13.3 mm in the previous version). The eyepieces have a diopter scale and the diagonal knurling. The upper and the lower prism covers are made of brass and are fixed to the body with the help of three screws. The prism covers’ width is equal to 52 mm (see photo). The binocular’s body height (including the upper prism cover) is equal to 77 mm.
   There are inscriptions “Carl Zeiss Jena” on the left prism cover. There is also an inscription “Marineglas 449036 6x” on the right prism cover. The inscription is made in block letters with the help of silver alloy on the background of Carl Zeiss Tessar photo lens schematic image. There is also the military acceptance stamp "K" - "Gewehr-Prüfungskommission" on the central hinge – it is the Small Arms Acceptance Commission, Spandau (Berlin) (see photo). In addition, there is a military approval number "19038" on the right front cover edge.
   The binocular’s coffer has preserved well and it has features peculiar to military coffers of that period (see HansT.Seeger. ZeissHandfernlaser 1919-1946, Modelle-Merkmale-Mythos, pp. 607-627): namely, the carrying handle on the top cover, the top cover fastening to the case body, specific rivets, wide loop for attaching the coffer to a waist belt.
   The binocular serial number is "449036" and it was manufactured as a 500 pieces batch in 1914.
   The binocular "civilian" analogs, the Silvamar 6x models, can be checked by the following link: